%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R ] /Count 1 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 11 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 14 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 612.000 792.000] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20180419171637+00'00') /ModDate (D:20180419171637+00'00') /Title (Report 04-2018) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4864 >> stream 1.000 1.000 1.000 rg 45.266 187.071 521.469 559.663 re f 0.773 0.773 0.773 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 45.641 187.446 520.719 558.913 re S 0.773 0.773 0.773 rg 61.016 202.821 m 550.984 202.821 l 550.984 203.571 l 61.016 203.571 l f 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 61.016 695.342 Td /F1 13.5 Tf [(Nuclear decommissioning costs)] TJ ET 0.400 0.400 0.400 rg BT 61.016 666.755 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [(Posted on )] TJ ET BT 104.045 666.755 Td /F3 9.0 Tf [(March 29,2017)] TJ ET BT 165.578 666.755 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [( by )] TJ ET BT 180.086 666.755 Td /F3 9.0 Tf [(admin)] TJ ET q 225.000 0 0 162.000 61.016 486.057 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 286.016 518.457 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(Nuclear decommissioning costs are rising exponentially. I heard )] TJ ET BT 61.016 477.266 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(Chris Huhne the disgraced former Energy secretary on the today programme this morning. The UK government has had )] TJ ET BT 61.016 466.277 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(to pay out 100 million in compensation over the way it awarded a )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 326.642 466.277 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(clean up contract)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.18 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 326.642 465.125 m 395.177 465.125 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 395.177 466.277 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(. However as Chris Huhne said this is )] TJ ET BT 61.016 455.288 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(not the real scandal. The real scandal is not how much money has been wasted here but how much nuclear )] TJ ET BT 61.016 444.299 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(decommissioning costs have risen and are rising. He helpfully gave some figures and those in the graph above come )] TJ ET BT 61.016 433.310 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(from him and I assume are correct I listened again and noted them down. I've taken the "present" to be 2016 rather than )] TJ ET BT 61.016 422.321 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(2017 since he was not explicit about the year. What is truly frightening is how much nuclear decommissioning costs have )] TJ ET BT 61.016 411.332 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(risen in the last 5 years. The current total is 171 billion or 8% of the national debt. Chris Huhne gave a number of )] TJ ET BT 61.016 400.343 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(reasons for the very high cost. Even reactors with the same design name i.e. "Magnox" were individual designs with )] TJ ET BT 61.016 389.354 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(major differences even the design of the fuel rods, such as shape. Chris Huhne thought this would be better in the US )] TJ ET BT 61.016 378.365 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(where large numbers of reactors were built with the same design. Another reason was of course that no thought was )] TJ ET BT 61.016 367.376 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(given to dismantling the stations. The last reason is simply Sellafield. Its a radioactive disaster area and tellingly records )] TJ ET BT 61.016 356.387 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(have been lost so people do not know precisely is stored there. Whilst this cost is small when looked at from the point of )] TJ ET BT 61.016 345.398 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(view of spreading it over generations the frightening thing is the way is going up. \(It should be stated that theDepartment )] TJ ET BT 61.016 334.409 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy have graph on their website stating that costs other than Sellafield are falling\). )] TJ ET BT 61.016 323.420 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(This however all the above made me think. First I doubt if the situation is much better in the US. A large number of )] TJ ET BT 61.016 312.431 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(different designs were used there and the problem with nuclear power is that the individual plants take so long to build that )] TJ ET BT 61.016 301.442 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(design changes between plants are inevitable. I also doubt any thought was given of how to take them down. Secondly )] TJ ET BT 61.016 290.453 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(are we about to repeat the same mistakes? We could be. If EDF stagger through building Hinckley C its unlikely they will )] TJ ET BT 61.016 279.464 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(build any other reactors. \(Notice how since the deal was signed last autumn nothing has happened\). The Japanese have )] TJ ET BT 61.016 268.475 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(dropped out and there is talk of Chinese and Koreans coming in. Even if they do then they are going to build only the odd )] TJ ET BT 61.016 257.486 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(reactor or two. We will still end up with a number of completely different designs to cope with. As for planned dismantling )] TJ ET BT 61.016 246.497 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(which is supposed to be built in. First do not underestimate the difficulties of someone in 70 years time being to get hold )] TJ ET BT 61.016 235.508 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(of the instructions \(how are they to be stored?\) or understanding them especially with language difficulties. Neil)] TJ ET 0.400 0.400 0.400 rg BT 61.016 217.019 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [(Posted in:Nuclear,Renewables | Tagged:Nuclear Power | With 0 comments)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Oblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Helvetica-BoldOblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F4 /BaseFont /Helvetica /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 61.0157 486.0568 286.0157 648.0568 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.theoillamp.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Nuclear-decommissioning-costs.jpeg) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 300 /Height 216 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Filter /DCTDecode /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 8770>> stream JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 90 C     C   ," }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?RSvo١ &iZU/i-ҵ{Ddexe3O΂{ idatҬB8d_dP S[PYLڍLon||;^{aztdA rX-761T'Lp|'gy\l6P7 H%Ԓ钵׸;-YeM_2pIо#i^\VwMyvw$AY῅.4;7P˹s\?LBH%@ӡӭF8$I$y$h|gn-בy{vqg lCws/̃Dҁh08z;EQҒ(Q@Q@ KEw (f (Ҋ) -Q@( ;QFhHii8((Q@=7WomhT+3_(8gWҼ^|/OŖUY۾JȄX~ ~UQEQEEPF3EQEQEQ;@Q@f(((((4PEPEb ?*(h){}Kn `<q^^w&GnrF:l\ '0PE(@RPEQEQE製QGZ((((@exz/4ZEӑPXb N ڵkWrѿioz?mBMk}jki@`Ɂ!I]Tsݕ)Ԛ{u sC"M$+)GPjJxxCLy ON`3(hz11tY.$-%*F#n88k:υu[{m.Ot#U"1$&C##Y~hgEA/3Cv>{?⾘>y)♯5&)ks3u~8}j6-BE a8fM_5xiַ:Nn'+ 8$y# G6w4 [Vvt}(}ڠO:)'9p8'My߂%í] KSο%s1עPE(:GJ3@Ph (EPEPEPEPEPEP( eS¶ _?uoƿTOc~L(g8QEZ+>'O]ϓ0 eKkb*3~dI7myg~-ϗ=]L3 J(6מ~~)<-xjG ց%ܷm[Z=)o>p". s}+Wn|Mާ&<};ITe8"^9 ( ( ܬοncF=+k? vkyR88L (IJzPFh 3EQEQEu((((((^'F&2li䑘~H񮢹b[UMAa#5oÏ¢[QQEg8QEx ~Ϻ毧s XKc䂌HV쿮| ƤuO8N:יW? 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