%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R ] /Count 1 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 11 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 14 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 612.000 792.000] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20180622204639+00'00') /ModDate (D:20180622204639+00'00') /Title (Report 06-2018) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4155 >> stream 1.000 1.000 1.000 rg 45.266 257.244 521.469 489.490 re f 0.773 0.773 0.773 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 45.641 257.619 520.719 488.740 re S 0.773 0.773 0.773 rg 61.016 272.994 m 550.984 272.994 l 550.984 273.744 l 61.016 273.744 l f 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 61.016 695.342 Td /F1 13.5 Tf [(One thing we have learnt this week solar power in Nepal)] TJ ET 0.400 0.400 0.400 rg BT 61.016 666.755 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [(Posted on )] TJ ET BT 104.045 666.755 Td /F3 9.0 Tf [(February 23,2018)] TJ ET BT 177.584 666.755 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [( by )] TJ ET BT 192.092 666.755 Td /F3 9.0 Tf [(admin)] TJ ET q 225.000 0 0 168.750 61.016 479.307 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 286.016 513.057 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(I heard a very interesting report on solar power in Nepal this week )] TJ ET BT 61.016 470.516 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(on the radio. Solar power is not the first thing that you think of when you think of Nepal. The first thing you think of is )] TJ ET BT 61.016 459.527 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(hydropower. Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. Its electricity consumption was only 70kW per person per )] TJ ET BT 61.016 448.538 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(year. To put this in perspective there are plenty of people who manage to use this much in one day in the West. Nepal )] TJ ET BT 61.016 437.549 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(uses the following energy sources; )] TJ ET BT 201.578 437.549 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [(Biomass)] TJ ET BT 239.090 437.549 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(. 85% of the population is rural and uses precious trees for cooking, lighting )] TJ ET BT 61.016 426.560 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(and heating. This leads to considerable respiratory disease problems. )] TJ ET BT 343.139 426.560 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [(Carbon fuels)] TJ ET BT 398.147 426.560 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(. Nepalese also rely on imported oil )] TJ ET BT 61.016 415.571 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(and kerosene leading to the same problems as above, plus the requirement for foreign exchange. )] TJ ET BT 451.715 415.571 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [(Hydropower)] TJ ET BT 504.221 415.571 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(. The )] TJ ET BT 61.016 404.582 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(theoretical capacity of Nepal is huge over 40,000MWp of practical resources. Its actual installed capacity is a mere )] TJ ET BT 61.016 393.593 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(576MWp \(grid connected\). There are lot of micro and pico hydro plants not connected to the grid. Over a 1000 have )] TJ ET BT 61.016 382.604 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(been funded by the )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 140.576 382.604 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(world bank)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.18 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 140.576 381.452 m 184.091 381.452 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 184.091 382.604 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 189.095 382.604 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [(Wind)] TJ ET BT 211.091 382.604 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(. The wind resource is apparently quite poor but some non grid connected wind is )] TJ ET BT 61.016 371.615 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(installed. )] TJ ET BT 99.032 371.615 Td /F1 9.0 Tf [(Solar)] TJ ET BT 121.541 371.615 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(. The solar resource is very good. Its this that was covered in the programme slot. Previous attempts )] TJ ET BT 61.016 360.626 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(have suffered from the usual problem, developed world comes in funds high tech solution in village - goes away - system )] TJ ET BT 61.016 349.637 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(falls to bits. However what has changed is that the Nepalese government in 2002 with the support of the Danish )] TJ ET BT 61.016 338.648 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(government set up a subsidy scheme for very small systems \(10-40 watts\). This enough for phone charging and most )] TJ ET BT 61.016 327.659 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(importantly lighting when combined with some batteries. This has led to the creation of a local installer base which can )] TJ ET BT 61.016 316.670 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(also troubleshoot and maintain systems. Solar power in Nepal is not the first thing you would think of but such systems are )] TJ ET BT 61.016 305.681 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(vital in bringing power to over 80% of those who live without it in a sustainable way. Neil)] TJ ET 0.400 0.400 0.400 rg BT 61.016 287.192 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [(Posted in:One Thing We Have Learnt This Week,Renewables | | With 0 comments)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Oblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Helvetica-BoldOblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F4 /BaseFont /Helvetica /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 61.0157 479.3068 286.0157 648.0568 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.theoillamp.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/himalayas-407_1920.jpg) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 300 /Height 225 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Filter /DCTDecode /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 9380>> stream JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 90 C     C   ," }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?SxN+HS!%;n*a8%0! 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