%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R ] /Count 1 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R /F4 11 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 14 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 612.000 792.000] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20180524061349+00'00') /ModDate (D:20180524061349+00'00') /Title (Report 05-2018) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4515 >> stream 1.000 1.000 1.000 rg 45.266 180.549 521.469 566.185 re f 0.773 0.773 0.773 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 45.641 180.924 520.719 565.435 re S 0.773 0.773 0.773 rg 61.016 196.299 m 550.984 196.299 l 550.984 197.049 l 61.016 197.049 l f 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 61.016 695.342 Td /F1 13.5 Tf [(Is the weather getting worse?)] TJ ET 0.400 0.400 0.400 rg BT 61.016 666.755 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [(Posted on )] TJ ET BT 104.045 666.755 Td /F3 9.0 Tf [(May 02,2018)] TJ ET BT 156.578 666.755 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [( by )] TJ ET BT 171.086 666.755 Td /F3 9.0 Tf [(admin)] TJ ET q 225.000 0 0 190.500 61.016 457.557 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 286.016 495.657 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(Is the weather getting worse?! This is the question I have )] TJ ET BT 61.016 448.766 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(pondering for somewhile. What I mean by this is it getting duller. I have had two PV systems on my roof for some years )] TJ ET BT 61.016 437.777 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(and the output is dropping year on year. There are 3 possible reasons I have come up for this. The first is that there is )] TJ ET BT 61.016 426.788 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(something wrong with the PV's. PV efficiency does indeed fall very slowly and the modules have a 20-25 year guarantee )] TJ ET BT 61.016 415.799 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(against power loss. This is very low even after 25 years and in fact studies have shown the actual declines in efficiency )] TJ ET BT 61.016 404.810 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(are much lower than the module's guarantee. I know its not this since this February one system had a record output for )] TJ ET BT 61.016 393.821 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(that month \(even higher than the computer prediction\). Most years I get such months for either system. My favourite )] TJ ET BT 61.016 382.832 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(theory until recently was my neighbours tree \(and to be fair one of mine\). My neighbours tree is a birch bought from a )] TJ ET BT 61.016 371.843 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(supermarket for 2.50. Over 20 years it has grown from a few cm to 6 stories. Its much too big for the garden blocks her )] TJ ET BT 61.016 360.854 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(and our light and she has said she will have it taken down. My Scots Pine \(far older\) which it yomped past is about 4 )] TJ ET BT 61.016 349.865 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(stories high, this also blocks our light \(I probably would not be allowed to take it down\). Again I still get record output now )] TJ ET BT 61.016 338.876 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(and again and in summer when the sun is high in the sky so the problem from either is not that great when there is max )] TJ ET BT 61.016 327.887 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(power output. PV output is greatly impacted by trees and buildings and is difficult to predict. The last theory is that raised )] TJ ET BT 61.016 316.898 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(by this blog is the weather getting worse? By that I mean is getting more cloudy? Its very hard to be sure since this data if )] TJ ET BT 61.016 305.909 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(its kept at all is kept by the met office. There is some logic to this though. We know that climate change is heating the )] TJ ET BT 61.016 294.920 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(atmosphere. This pushes more water vapour into it. These form clouds and make the weather more dull as well as )] TJ ET BT 61.016 283.931 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(causing many more torrential downpours \(interestingly I think we are getting less of these\). As well as this the gulf stream )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 61.016 272.942 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(is weakening)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.18 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 61.016 271.790 m 113.036 271.790 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 113.036 272.942 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [( this will make UK weather different with colder winters and hotter summers. I want to test this theory using a )] TJ ET BT 61.016 261.953 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(paired test but I have odd numbers of data. Missing one year out would introduce bias so I will will wait till the end of the )] TJ ET BT 61.016 250.964 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(year to see if the rate of fall is significant. The implications of this are that predicted PV output might be lower than )] TJ ET BT 61.016 239.975 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(thought. Is is balanced by higher efficiency modules \(this is constantly creeping up\). The techno solution might be to use )] TJ ET BT 61.016 228.986 Td /F4 9.0 Tf [(modules that work cross spectrum, on a bright cloudy day they work as well as a sunny one. Neil)] TJ ET 0.400 0.400 0.400 rg BT 61.016 210.497 Td /F2 9.0 Tf [(Posted in:Climate Change,Other,Renewables,Uncategorized | | With 0 comments)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Oblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Helvetica-BoldOblique /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F4 /BaseFont /Helvetica /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 61.0157 457.5568 286.0157 648.0568 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.theoillamp.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/module-power-losses-over-time.jpg) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 300 /Height 254 /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /Filter /DCTDecode /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 9301>> stream JFIF;CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), quality = 90 C     C   ," }!1AQa"q2#BR$3br %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz w!1AQaq"2B #3Rbr $4%&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz ?RQ@Q@Q@w ( (f((JQEPEP(Q@Rw4tQ@Q@QEP(4)(:FeT[971$m#>Z r3^8cN3<=@~ZuUyf4F>TG) ;pu74͖+8UNy=ǯjqk>vcm;4FPyvE(}0t >މmm[k9/s(:.3)sQF(_Uo][FFxFiv\ZsWsМ㯂߰g~kw_6 Xa##IS)CVq IBQL(1EPEPEPEPEb ?vEPEP֊(1F(PI▎h'> 6iW7h9-X'8k>&tMWXujax7TmF+U1)"iYfm*0;)(4P|i֮}94-B]wCwb{qm ն\4\ǦWimsz8O:!t?=ArV6:_j(+ ƺ,߇#ںlO} >XEnI8IIt3=CQ"+qSHA#Vr:_S>2˧1;n$H1ԙI9Ej]HMEUZ(Q@c4PF9(%-Q@EQE&)M(E%-Q@'KF3@ǟZS࿍;Tqã݅V1s*8L|1+ȿbW;Y_Ǭ/u,҃ DW| pAZxkᾯo?EmfKXyV*2FJc9"g 'i;F7tbuby$3兵ޤʓRBm+,0q`x|+LoG!M6c @D3)!FFTȉ2*ߎiA}y`/3:nAˆTz/mM5[,vnRFB>4דk:j|}|^[5wAoY"D`ڥf^<EPE0|iO찺wd 8R{xY:5o( 0r<5rPDc$57H {D +j_:(EY (PEPEPEPEf ( (EQҊ(((QEj~-e_ĺek},u[i.Cqr}3^u(xg4H4U{6iwRDd t߆zτ,G$&-2TIA,w$ MyGNW|.%֫iGܠ22 Rۜvi)i4Ӭ[hrh:ͤE%j|(}|Þ? =Ɔ5ώX7%mj(((hQxF"9REViI4]ч]v]Zh/Q`լȼ>|}U  r)E&72gTK,Tz3e:;Kbfdrd{RO4_v5QTdQ@@(((((EQEQGz((1\|+ZwS<ѸY@$k׌^|Ek:e{3[mڃqqbxt?hW%m+VRHJs+֟hnck+Wkiϖ,TSHB|5ӭuH%yBF;QzME?WuYll[kDW'+Crw?0# |k_hri7rtA tmv¨x_ᮗfmB{2mm3%͕bAø w Ӣ\Yhk:İ}cm9hp>Q\exgo xWz"Yx2,jV>m[T Z!b;}ϵQEQRbd{W'?gv^ۙٮ3\p `Î=F[ڳֵ;}6o HFՑ`eƴ䓴{~.Ь5T/[[IM +5^_7w -Uңt.$$2F$3+*0M;(;)QEQEQEvQ@(PEPEPEb ((P/KLYi) Jͥܠ'l`+Bq (,x\ڌ%ĺI{.UD#i9ߜ[jߋi \K[`hBHn$sn#úc'2_oFXU"$DB$Rf@e[K=}6] {%om!*ÅȽOsM%s:Jkͧ@#j|]/Uiz`QEQ֊((4Q@4m&-?4sq$.>{0kXR#9j8<ֱzm0kp,1XYO-5KX向1B.ihjW?l^[4 8]~S =Ez((Gz(((QFhVR[wk(2V# kOSϫ#s:D 2î!j摝z}N;I㹶e%+b:_x=쮥K'B%^۔+:nR;)jB((((((((hnzO׮ۘ4 hbrXW*rJ/+P $WݬYU RQ;N{E-!JO7:Y|k[KVۄBU ɕz8tJ[--fH4 eEld#p>2 (:@(EhQE^O-dAd =tiTr':φ_"źHP8 8> &D~#pn\l2霁R rcohE^7ڝWVw][J =AV+yMu-剹/buLb,'(j2ѸN=6s/Ր:Lcx.9!/_~?#_.k:Y3d܁Z??):ne}-W#ASRLRUע92 ( (QGJ(E(h)h%p~'­SmsrXȊXXј`Brh>+%V7!_`Nr`mm$0?1}4[YWv)]ۖ&;QEQA@ IKEw( ( EPRњ(Q@ N ,TѴIIztֽFR]D8O4cX$Hl$xG?uu=8s>A3zKt5{9/XqZ)Ob=e j?4ՠ*,k"󮺎_p{~?r?Ӵ_hps}\i/ [VvI,rN9$kӫCyѯTsUA2(:=bD_2cρm|[+td WG$mʰ>A ]p Sm<YfZIp{WuV`}6 (4;Q(JZ)1EnuŲӴtFt3=%om@!*ʽO eyƍk==r-wCY41ն3 <|(4QEQEQڊ(((4QQI@ E%-R(()(h _Š;PڏŠ(3KE'@ď ƭZ}k2$easP09nK^>:շ'i|BnGY*em˂ ?]sh w%3y!F񃐼 sp նO?G/?goնq|;mkZF+ʳo+¨F/F1sJo&_XN1G~ܱ_X>,%OX>%Nշ[x]W^XȄ,$/;7H^9w4U꺼w[$,- $>8A [uWg\ ձp? v|v,Kyw|Lqq$4|O%密tɬm^Y"qq$4$@9ᩏ*P\?~*n?|*Z[> #4ҖVe3/(1;qhgj Ox MIckE`2M]h|tl£':շ'tlC|A,p֭=x\.%ʇN[輢UuFLJmGCItƾF@ o4>A;1^q@9p|*@ڶ}?`Wv3lö^(yE啝͌hN;1l 9I<;m/ ׋lTye#c'OG GնG?@ًcjۃKGn{MVEQg}ke$6X^vtOhۼڕ_MBDB`b1'4'Oϒ|*8֭#П>Ȫ¬d0֭#þŝŵ$s\1C3`91zx[ö֕ټZiB](,@ps^o,? y[wo۶=s+tn-ª jrx|Iv}v_K؛c {2~\t$4XL$oq9(>d#w VOB^ zl~=wö!:qyS2:|7,T|A+mO5\xv~(YIrF3m df ݿĭ{ZuQcyq0o ׮.#@ISZ~:|6b~ T88֭?tz?mMG\yuŽHAUu`l99-0vB. y]KϷN$ *8lJy<tlV25o.c>!SvǮwKx[J$?h1M3À8 !k T7~j>?&&EԌ :|6U*V |A𪌁[u<oS Ͷ|FұmȒct`:gZOxO(-/#<ApA9ᲕAcm@h?>+~ T3tZ<;m*ˤ^52gky!F񃐼 mMgHyVLy^B6 6ጞ#Ὲ>h$PǦpѩ81'W2 |IZڿa]%n2]5QIހ ZNԴc6ơ5؇xdqxϵZo wWlJ8#t76A$3“kG"VCIQQ Q@/J(J ;ך #.mG, Nfh'-7^PY[yg5̒yH{qQGz+~1W~eivv_bXQ þzzWoFom28>89ϭ-PP,i2ںGrQO*E|| d*j(t_>!FwkK׿{^9?*" `g=*h%_ۂ7F q}RZ|cz_K (/Dlg bdeÁAWg-S$̹GM X">Q E_5Qڀ+jw+gNQY$Q3g{d:WX` ZI͔1}RmN o"";I,"hcHJ8`z;+_iV"!oYۈX]F ;Т( .O;OỼ4˔_[lBQrG<㼪w.quaks> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (https://weather.com/news/news/2018-04-12-gulf-stream-slowing-climate-change-study) >> endobj xref 0 17 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000332 00000 n 0000000369 00000 n 0000000507 00000 n 0000000596 00000 n 0000005163 00000 n 0000005275 00000 n 0000005390 00000 n 0000005510 00000 n 0000005618 00000 n 0000005745 00000 n 0000005885 00000 n 0000015354 00000 n 0000015481 00000 n trailer << /Size 17 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 15614 %%EOF